Alaska Department of Law
P.O. Box 110300
Juneau, AK 99811-0300
800 A Street, Suite 204
Anchorage, AK 99501-3669
IN AK (800) 478-4692
TTY (800) 478-3177
Tel: (907) 274-4692
TDD: (907) 276-3177
Certified service animals, physical or mental disabilities (11.76.130)
Only program trainers (11.76.133)
Interference is a class B misdemeanor (11.76.130)
(a) The driver of a vehicle approaching a physically disabled pedestrian who is carrying a white or metallic-colored cane, or using special equipment for mobility, or using a service animal, shall take precautions necessary to avoid injury to the pedestrian or the service animal. A driver who fails to take necessary precautions and, as a result, causes injury to the pedestrian or the service animal, or causes property damage, is liable for the injury or damage caused.
(b) In this section
(1) "physically disabled pedestrian" means a person who has a physical condition that limits the person's ability to function as a pedestrian without the assistance of another person, a service animal, a cane, or other equipment or device;
(2) "service animal" means a dog guide or other animal that assists a physically disabled person to function as a pedestrian.
(a) A person commits the crime of interference with the rights of a physically or mentally challenged person if the person intentionally prevents or restricts
(1) a physically or mentally challenged person from having full and free pedestrian use of a street, highway, sidewalk, walkway, or other thoroughfare to the same extent that any other person has a right to pedestrian use; or
(2) a physically or mentally challenged person from being accompanied or assisted by a certified service animal, without an extra charge for the service animal, in a common carrier, place of public accommodation, or other place to which the general public is invited except as provided in (b) of this section.
(b) A physically or mentally challenged person who is accompanied or assisted by a certified service animal in a common carrier, place of public accommodation, or other place to which the general public is invited is liable for property damage done by the animal.
(c) In this section,
(1) "certified service animal" means an animal trained to assist a physically or mentally challenged person and certified by a school or training facility for service animals as having completed such training;
(2) "physically or mentally challenged " means physically or mentally disabled, as defined in AS 18.80.300 .
(d) Interference with the rights of a physically or mentally challenged person is a class B misdemeanor.
(a) A person commits the crime of interference with the training of a service animal if the person intentionally prevents or restricts a person who is authorized to train a service animal from being accompanied by an animal that is identified as being in training to be a service animal, or assesses an extra charge because of the animal, in a public facility, except as provided in (b) and (c) of this section.
(b) A trainer who is accompanied by an animal in training to be a service animal in a public facility is liable for property damage done by the animal.
(c) It is an affirmative defense to a prosecution under this section that
(1) the person accompanied by the animal in training to be a service animal did not, when requested by the defendant, give reasonable evidence of being a person authorized to train service animals; or
(2) the defendant prevented entry into the facility or caused the trainer and the animal to leave or be removed from the facility based on unruly or disruptive conduct of the animal that created
(A) a substantial risk of imminent physical injury to a person other than the trainer; or
(B) an atmosphere that made regular activities by other persons in the facility substantially more difficult than usual.
(d) In this section,
(1) "authorized" means employed by, or serving as a volunteer with, a school, agency, or other facility that trains service animals;
(2) "identified as being in training" means wearing a device or exhibiting an insignia approved by a school, agency, or other facility that trains service animals that identifies the animal as being in training to be a service animal;
(3) "in training to be a service animal" means being in the pre-training or training period as required under a program administered through a school, agency, or other training facility for service animals whose goal is to certify the animal as being able to assist physically or mentally challenged persons;
(4) "public facility" means a capital improvement owned, operated, or occupied by, or a mode of transportation owned or operated by, the state, a public corporation of the state, the University of Alaska, a political subdivision of the state, or a regional educational attendance area.
(e) Interference with the training of a service animal is a violation.
In this chapter,
(1) "blockbusting" means an unlawful discriminatory practice by real estate brokers, real estate salesmen, or employees or agents of a broker or another individual, corporation, partnership, or organization for the purpose of inducing a real estate transaction from which any such person or its stockholders or members may benefit financially, to represent directly or indirectly that a change has occurred or will or may occur from a composition with respect to race, religion, color, or national origin of the owners or occupants of the block, neighborhood, or area in which the real property is located, and to represent directly or indirectly that this change may or will result in undesirable consequences in the block, neighborhood, or area in which the real property is located, including but not limited to the lowering of property values, an increase in criminal or antisocial behavior, or decline in the quality of the schools or other facilities;
(2) "commission" means the State Commission for Human Rights;
(3) "employee" means an individual employed by an employer but does not include an individual employed in the domestic service of any person;
(4) "employer" means a person, including the state and a political subdivision of the state, who has one or more employees in the state but does not include a club that is exclusively social, or a fraternal, charitable, educational, or religious association or corporation, if the club, association, or corporation is not organized for private profit;
(5) "employment agency" means a person undertaking to procure employees or opportunities to work;
(6) "executive director" means the executive director of the State Commission for Human Rights;
(7) "financial institution" means a commercial bank, trust company, mutual savings bank, cooperative bank, homestead association, mutual savings and loan association, or an insurance company;
(8) "labor organization" means an organization and an agent of the organization, for the purpose, in whole or in part, of collective bargaining, dealing with employers concerning grievances, terms or conditions of employment, or of other mutual aid or protection of employees;
(9) "major life activities" means functions such as caring for one's self, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, and working;
(10) "national origin" includes ancestry;
(11) "person" means one or more individuals, labor unions, partnerships, associations, corporations, legal representatives, mutual companies, joint-stock companies, trusts, unincorporated organizations, trustees, trustees in bankruptcy, receivers, employees, employers, employment agencies, or labor organizations;
(12) "physical or mental disability" means
(A) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities;
(B) a history of, or a misclassification as having, a mental or physical impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities;
(i) a physical or mental impairment that does not substantially limit a person's major life activities but that is treated by the person as constituting such a limitation;
(ii) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits a person's major life activities only as a result of the attitudes of others toward the impairment; or
(iii) none of the impairments defined in this paragraph but being treated by others as having such an impairment; or
(D) a condition that may require the use of a prosthesis, special equipment for mobility, or service animal;
(13) "physical or mental impairment" means
(A) physiological disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting one or more of the following body systems: neurological, musculoskeletal, special sense organs, respiratory including speech organs, cardiovascular, reproductive, digestive, genito-urinary, hemic and lymphatic, skin, and endocrine;
(B) mental or psychological disorder, including mental retardation, organic brain syndrome, emotional or mental illness, and specific learning disabilities;
(14) "public accommodation" means a place that caters or offers its services, goods, or facilities to the general public and includes a public inn, restaurant, eating house, hotel, motel, soda fountain, soft drink parlor, tavern, night club, roadhouse, place where food or spiritous or malt liquors are sold for consumption, trailer park, resort, campground, barber shop, beauty parlor, bathroom, resthouse, theater, swimming pool, skating rink, golf course, cafe, ice cream parlor, transportation company, and all other public amusement and business establishments, subject only to the conditions and limitations established by law and applicable alike to all persons;
(15) "real property" means a building or portion of a building, whether constructed or to be constructed, structures, real estate, lands, tenements, leaseholds, interests in real estate cooperatives, condominiums, and hereditaments, corporeal and incorporeal, or any interest therein;
(16) "state" includes the University of Alaska and the judicial, legislative, and executive branches of state government including all departments, agencies, commissions, councils, boards, divisions, and sections.